In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) in Bahrain
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) in Bahrain
Apr 11, 2022

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) in Bahrain

What you need to know about IVF

If you are considering in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment, you may have many questions. You may be wondering whether IVF is available in Bahrain and what the process entails. This blog post will provide information about In Vitro Fertilization in Bahrain, including the process and how to get started.

What is in vitro fertilization (IVF)?

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is an advanced form of Assisted Reproductive Technology that involves extracting eggs from a woman's ovaries and fertilizing them with sperm in a lab. The resulting embryos are then transferred back into the woman's uterus to achieve pregnancy.

When undergoing IVF, couples can use either their eggs and sperm or donor eggs and sperm. IVF can also be used in conjunction with surrogacy. If a woman cannot carry a child, she can use a surrogate to carry the child for her.

IVF can be used to treat a range of fertility problems;

  • Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes
  • Male infertility
  • Unexplained infertility
  • Failed IVF in the past
  • Low sperm count
  • Poor sperm quality
  • Advanced maternal age (over 35)
  • Genetic disorders
  • Fertility preservation

When is IVF an option for fertility treatment?

The first successful IVF pregnancy was in 1978, and the treatment has been used to help millions of couples conceive. IVF may be an option if you have been trying to conceive unsuccessfully for a year or more or if you have been diagnosed with a fertility problem.

However, your chances of getting pregnant through IVF depend on several factors, including your age and the health of your embryos. You should manage your expectations before starting IVF treatment and be prepared for the possibility that it may not be successful.

IVF process: step by step

The IVF process can be complicated, and it's essential to understand what to expect. By understanding the process, you can make an informed decision about whether IVF is right for you.

Screening

The IVF screening process will evaluate you and your partner to determine if you are a candidate for IVF. The screening will typically include the following tests:

  • Blood tests: will check your blood cell count, hormone levels, and clotting ability.
  • Semen analysis: This will test the quality and quantity of the sperm.
  • Ultrasound: This will provide a picture of the uterus and ovaries.
  • Genetic testing: This will test for any congenital abnormalities present.
  • Laparoscopy: This is a surgery that allows your doctor to see the inside of your uterus and ovaries. It is typically done if there are concerns about your fertility.

Ovarian stimulation

The first step in the IVF process is ovarian stimulation. This involves taking medication to stimulate the ovaries to produce eggs. The medicines used vary depending on the individual but may include hormones such as follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH).

The medications you will take during ovarian stimulation will depend on the type of IVF you undergo. Some common remedies include:

  • Clomiphene citrate: This is a medication that is used to stimulate ovulation.
  • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists: These are medications that suppress the production of hormones in the body. This is done to help control the ovaries and increase the chances of producing eggs.
  • Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG): This is a hormone used to trigger ovulation.
  • Estrogen: This is a hormone used to help the eggs mature.
  • Progesterone: This is a hormone used to help the uterus prepare for implantation.

Egg retrieval

Once the eggs have matured, they are retrieved from the ovaries using a needle. This is usually done using ultrasound guidance so that the physician can locate the eggs accurately. The procedure is relatively painless and takes only a few minutes.

Fertilization

The eggs are then fertilized with sperm in a lab. This can be done using traditional insemination where the egg and sperm are mixed and incubated overnight or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), where a single sperm is injected into an egg. This is done using a needle. This technique is used if there are concerns about the quality of the sperm.

Embryo transfer

The fertilized eggs (embryos) are then transferred back into the woman's uterus. This is usually done 3-5 days after fertilization. The embryo transfer itself is a relatively simple procedure. A speculum is inserted into the vagina to visualize the cervix. A catheter is then inserted through the cervix and into the uterus. The embryos are then transferred through the catheter and into the uterus.

However, the doctor may implement two procedures before embryo transfer: assisted hatching and preimplantation genetic testing.

The primary purpose of assisted hatching in IVF is to improve the chances of implantation and pregnancy success. By mechanically assisting with the embryo's hatching, it can help to ensure that the embryo can break out of its shell and implant successfully into the uterus.

For women with a history of failed IVF cycles, or those over 35, assisted hatching may be recommended to improve the chances of success.

Preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) is a process that is used to test embryos for specific genetic abnormalities before they are transferred into the uterus. This can be done in two ways: Removing a single cell from an embryo and analyzing its DNA, or using a chromosome analysis technique, which looks at the number of chromosomes in an embryo. This testing can help to identify embryos that are at risk for genetic disorders, such as Down syndrome, and can help couples decide if they want to implant a particular embryo or not.

Waiting for pregnancy

If the embryos are implanted successfully, you will experience early pregnancy symptoms such as nausea and fatigue. You will need to take a pregnancy test to confirm whether you are pregnant or not.

Benefits of IVF

IVF can be a successful treatment for many couples struggling to conceive. Some of the benefits of IVF include:

  • A high success rate, with around 50% of couples achieving pregnancy after one cycle of treatment
  • The ability to use eggs and sperm from any partner or donor
  • The ability to select the best embryos for transfer
  • Minimal invasiveness

Risks of IVF

There are some risks associated with IVF. Some of the risks include:

  • Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS): This condition can occur after taking the fertility medications used in IVF. OHSS can cause nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. In severe cases, it can lead to serious health complications.
  • Multiple births: IVF often results in multiple pregnancies. This increases the risk of health problems for both the mother and the babies.
  • Miscarriage: The risk of miscarriage is higher for women who undergo IVF.
  • Ectopic pregnancy: This pregnancy occurs outside the uterus, typically in the fallopian tube. This is a severe and potentially life-threatening complication.

How to prepare yourself for IVF?

Once you have decided to undergo IVF, you can do a few things to prepare yourself for the process.

Educate yourself about IVF

The more you know about what to expect, the less anxious you will be. Read books, articles, and blogs about IVF. Talk to other women who have undergone IVF. This will help you feel more prepared and confident as you undergo treatment.

Talk to your doctor

Make sure you have a clear understanding of the process and what will be happening. Ask any questions you have.

Create a support system:

IVF can result in three possible outcomes: a successful pregnancy, an unsuccessful pregnancy, or a miscarriage. While most pregnancies due to IVF are successful, there is no guarantee. It is essential to have a supportive network of family and friends to help you through the process. This includes providing emotional support as well as practical help.

Take care of yourself.

IVF is an intense and sometimes overwhelming process, both physically and emotionally. It is important to remember to take care of yourself during this time. Here are some tips:

  • Stay healthy by eating a balanced diet and getting enough exercise.
  • Avoid stress as much as possible. Find ways to relax and de-stress, such as yoga, meditation, or journaling.
  • Get plenty of sleep.
  • Drink plenty of fluids.
  • See your doctor regularly for checkups.
  • Follow all the instructions your doctor gives you.

IVF can be a successful process if you physically and emotionally take care of yourself. By following these tips, you can help ensure a successful outcome.

How to choose a fertility clinic?

The cost of In Vitro Fertilization in Bahrain varies depending on the clinic. Some clinics offer a package price that includes all the costs associated with the treatment, such as medication, egg retrieval, and embryo transfer. When selecting a fertility clinic, it is crucial to consider the clinic's success rates and the facilities and services offered. It is also essential to feel comfortable with the clinic and the staff.

In Vitro fertilization at the RHWC

If you are looking for the best In Vitro Fertilization in Bahrain, look no further than The Royal Hospital For Women and Children.

Our team of specialists provides top-quality care to patients from all over the region, and we have some of the most advanced facilities for fertility treatments available.

Contact us today for a consultation and see how we can help you achieve your dream of becoming a parent.